Develop Statewide Inclusionary Zoning Policy. States such as Massachusetts , New Jersey , Minnesota , and California have adopted legislation supporting inclusionary zoning. Some states have mandatory provisions (e.g., New Jersey ) while others have voluntary programs (e.g., Minnesota ). Statewide policies are a promising model for achieving greater scale in the production of affordable housing and greater equity between jurisdictions in the supply of affordable housing. Statewide IZ policies can effectively link the creation of affordable units to the larger residential development process and create a mechanism to support a shared, cross-jurisdictional approach to creating mixed-income communities. IZ is a key policy to advance smart growth with equity practices.
Mandate Inclusionary Zoning in Areas Of Reinvestment and Redevelopment. Areas undergoing reinvestment often plan for market-rate development as a strategy to re-infuse the tax base and build mixed-income communities where concentrated poverty exists. These are key jurisdictions for mandating inclusionary zoning. With IZ, as new development proceeds, the quality and integrity of affordable housing can grow proportionately to build a revitalized mixed-income community. If only market rate housing is promoted, it can result in either an upward pressure on costs that eventually displaces current residents; or, create significant housing disparities with dilapidated affordable units and new market units. California has a mandatory, statewide inclusionary zoning policy in place for redevelopment areas. Private developers are required to have a 15 percent set-aside and public agencies must have a 30 percent set-aside. These set-asides provide deep levels of affordability.
Advocate Cross-Jurisdiction Collaboration. J urisdictions with inclusionary zoning policies are scattered across the nation, with a concentration in California and the northeast. Increased collaboration and coordination across jurisdictions is necessary to ensure affordability across jurisdictions. Without cross-jurisdiction commitment, developers may draw to non-regulatory jurisdictions and a region's fair share goals will be undermined.
Require Inclusionary Zoning for Mixed-Used Developments. For developments that mix residential and commercial uses, the implementation of inclusionary zoning on the residential component of the project develops best practices of smart growth and equity-placing a range of jobs and housing in proximity. For example, Montgomery County applies their inclusionary zoning ordinance to mixed-use developments, thereby promoting a mixed-income component to these developments.