Boulder, Colorado. Boulder 's inclusionary zoning program was first developed in 1980 and revised in 2000. It requires that 20 percent of a project's units be affordable for all new residential developments (regardless of project size). The program also mandates that inclusionary units remain affordable in perpetuity. (See Chapter 9-6.5 of the Boulder Revised Code, 1981)
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Cambridge has joined a growing number of urban communities that have adopted inclusionary zoning. Cambridge is notable for reaching very and extremely-low income residents with its program, its firm adherence to on-site development, and its long-term affordability requirements.
Montgomery County, Maryland. Passed in 1974, Montgomery County 's Moderately Priced Dwelling Units Law (MPDU) has produced over 11,000 units of affordable housing in 25 years.
San Diego, California. With over 1 million residents, San Diego became the largest city to mandate inclusionary zoning when it passed an ordinance in 2003.
Santa Fe, New Mexico. Santa Fe 's inclusionary zoning law ties affordable housing requirements to the prices of market rate units. Areas with higher market rate housing face steeper affordable housing requirements. (See Santa Fe Development Ordinances Sec. 14-96 "Inclusionary Zoning Ordinance")
California Redevelopment Area Legislation. California has statewide legislation that applies to all redevelopment areas. Private developers are required to have a 15 percent set-aside and public agencies must have a 30 percent set-aside. Of those units set aside for "affordable housing," six percent of the units must serve very low-income households, three percent must serve low-income households, and six percent must serve moderate income.
Massachusetts. In 1969, Massachusetts enacted Chapter 40B of the General Laws which was, in effect, a statewide inclusionary zoning law. It both facilitates and encourages the development of affordable housing by allowing subsidized developments to be approved without being subject to local regulatory limitations. (See Sections 20-23 of Chapter 40B: "Low and Moderate Income Housing")
New Jersey. The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled in 1983 (South Burlington Count NAACP v. Mount Laurel) that every municipality has a constitutional obligation to provide through its land use regulations a realistic opportunity for a fair share of its region's present and prospective needs for housing for low and moderate income families. The court left it to the legislature to determine how these obligations should be met. (See The New Jersey Fair Housing Act)
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